What are Free Radicals?

Free radicals are unstable molecules that can cause cellular damage, contributing to aging and various diseases. The body produces free radicals as a byproduct of normal metabolic processes and environmental exposures. The accumulation of free radicals over time leads to oxidative stress, underscoring the importance of strategies to neutralize these molecules and mitigate their damaging effects as part of longevity interventions.

Free radicals are unstable atoms that can damage cells, causing illness and accelerating aging. These molecules have an unpaired electron, making them highly reactive with other molecules in the body. The damage they cause to cells, known as oxidative stress, is linked to a range of chronic diseases including cancer, arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, and neurological disorders. Aging is characterized by an increased production of free radicals and a decrease in antioxidative defenses, highlighting the importance of managing oxidative stress.

Antioxidants are critical in combating the negative effects of free radicals by neutralizing them and preventing their harmful cell interactions. Understanding and controlling free radical production through lifestyle choices and possibly supplementation can significantly influence healthspan and longevity. Research continues to explore the mechanisms of free radicals in aging, aiming to devise strategies that mitigate their detrimental effects while supporting the body's natural defense systems.