What is Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)?

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) involves administering hormones to alleviate symptoms caused by hormonal imbalances or declines, such as those occurring during menopause. While HRT can significantly improve quality of life by addressing symptoms, its role in longevity is complex and requires careful consideration of risks and benefits, especially concerning long-term health effects.

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) is used primarily to relieve symptoms of menopause in women, such as hot flashes, night sweats, sleep disturbances, and mood swings. HRT works by replenishing the estrogen and progesterone that the body no longer produces naturally after menopause. While HRT offers significant relief from menopause symptoms, its role in longevity is mixed, requiring careful consideration of the benefits and risks.

Extended use of HRT has been associated with increased risks of certain types of cancer, heart disease, and strokes, but it may also provide benefits such as a reduced risk of osteoporosis and colorectal cancer. The decision to use HRT is highly individual, depending on personal health history and how menopause symptoms affect one's quality of life. Current guidelines recommend using the lowest effective dose for the shortest time needed to manage symptoms.